CRESCIMENTO E DISSEMINAÇÃO DE AVALIAÇÕES EM LARGA ESCALA E DE RESPONSABILIZAÇÕES BASEADAS EM TESTES: UMA SOCIOLOGIA POLÍTICA DAS REFORMAS EDUCACIONAIS GLOBAIS

Autores

  • Antoni Verger Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
  • Lluís Parcerisa Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
  • Clara Fontdevila Universidade Pompeu Fabra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21879/faeeba2358-0194.2018.v27.n53.p60-82

Palavras-chave:

Testes padronizados, Avaliação educacional, Responsabilização baseada em testes, Instrumentos de política, Política educacional

Resumo

O Movimento de Reforma Educacional Global (Global Education Reform Movement –GERM) está se expandindo internacionalmente e alcançando países que aparentavam ser imunes a essa abordagem de reforma educacional até muito recentemente. Assim, os sistemas educacionais do mundo têm sido cada vez mais articulados em torno de três princípios políticos principais, a saber: responsabilização, padrões e descentralização. As avaliações nacionais em larga escala (National large-scale assessments – NLSAs) são um componente central do GERM; essas avaliações têm sido cada vez mais usadas para fins de responsabilização, bem como para garantir que as escolas alcancem e promovam padrões de aprendizado centralmente definidos e avaliáveis. Neste artigo, testamos essas premissas com base em um banco de dados novo e original sobre NLSAs, bem como em dados provenientes dos questionários do Programa de Avaliação
Internacional de Estudantes (Programme for International Students Assessment – PISA). Também discutimos como diferentes teorias sobre a disseminação/globalização de políticas explicam a disseminação internacional das NLSAs e da responsabilização baseada em testes em todo o mundo, além de refletirmos sobre o potencial de uma abordagem de sociologia política para analisar esse fenômeno globalizante.

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Biografia do Autor

Antoni Verger, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

Pesquisador do Departamento de Sociologia da Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona. Doutor em Sociologia (Universitat
Autonoma de Barcelona).

Lluís Parcerisa, Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona

Doutorando no Departamento de Sociologia da Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona. É licenciado em Sociologia (2013)
e mestre em Política Social, Trabalho e Bem-Estar (2014). Desde 2013 é membro da GEPS (Globalização, Educação e
Políticas Sociais).

Clara Fontdevila, Universidade Pompeu Fabra

Licenciada em Sociologia pela Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona. Mestranda em Estudos do Discurso na Universidade
Pompeu Fabra

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Publicado

2018-12-29

Como Citar

VERGER, A.; PARCERISA, L.; FONTDEVILA, C. CRESCIMENTO E DISSEMINAÇÃO DE AVALIAÇÕES EM LARGA ESCALA E DE RESPONSABILIZAÇÕES BASEADAS EM TESTES: UMA SOCIOLOGIA POLÍTICA DAS REFORMAS EDUCACIONAIS GLOBAIS. Revista da FAEEBA - Educação e Contemporaneidade, [S. l.], v. 27, n. 53, p. 60–82, 2018. DOI: 10.21879/faeeba2358-0194.2018.v27.n53.p60-82. Disponível em: https://revistas.uneb.br/index.php/faeeba/article/view/5662. Acesso em: 24 maio. 2024.